Storage of Cord Blood
There are two main options for storing cord blood:
- Public cord blood banks are used to store blood for anyone who might need it.
- Private cold blood banks are designed to store blood for family use.
It is estimated that more than a million cord blood units are in storage in private banks and another 500,000 units are already registered within public facilities in different parts of the world. Parents and expectants should realize that there is only one chance for them to collect and store the cord blood (only during birth) so they need to consider it very seriously. It is even more important if the family has a history of having illnesses (congenital or inherited) that can be treated using stem cells of placental blood. Private cord blood banks allow parents to have access to stem cells of their child. However, the families have to pay annual fees for the storage. The cord blood storage price may differ depending on the facility and the purpose of storage (private or public use).
Private vs. Public Cord Blood Banking
In people who don’t find a suitable match and readily available stem cell donors, they may utilize unrelated donor cord blood as a source for hematopoietic stem cells to help in their treatment. Expectant parents may donate the cord blood to a public cord blood bank or they may consider storing it in a private cord blood bank for use in the future. That’s why we have the names public and private CB banking.1
Usually, the probability of an individual or a newborn using own cord blood is pretty small. It is probably between 0.01 percent, that’s a ratio of 1:1000 and 0.0005 percent, that’s a ratio of 1:200,000. This probability is taken for the first 20 years of an individual’s life. With this kind of probability in use of cord blood for self applications, it doesn’t make case to store it for person use.1
Again, family members may collect and store (banking of cord blood) if there is a sibling who has a disease treatable using allogeneic transplant. A family member may bank cord blood for their parent who has a disease treatable using allogeneic transplant if there are common or shared HLA antigens among the parents. So, what this means is that public donation is pretty much encouraged because it helps unrelated people who cannot readily find a suitable match from a donor.1
Private Vs Public Cord Blood Banking
Cons of Public Banking
- Collection and Preservation of Cord Blood for Personal Use. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1083879107005745