Collecting and preserving cord blood is very crucial at this time many diseases are being treated using stem cells transplants. Cord blood has many advantages compared to bone marrow. People who get stem cell transplants using cord blood have less risks of having graft-versus-host disease. There are private and public cord blood banking facilities established to help in collection, typing, screening for infection, and cryogenically storing umbilical cord blood so that it can be used in future for transplantation to related and unrelated recipients.
The National Institutes of Health has a cord blood program that has been put forward to help solely store cord blood for families that will be likely to have stem cell transplants owing to the fact that a first-degree relative has a disease treatable using allogenic transplants. In the cord blood bank, families have provided their cord blood to be stored there and whenever it is needed by the family for transplant; it is shipped to the location.
Is it Worth To Bank Cord Blood for Own Use?
There are also private for-profit cord blood banking facilities that have been put up to encourage families or parents to store cord blood derived from their infants. Mostly, these private cord blood banks store the cord blood stem cells for families’ autologous use (for the baby) or an allogeneic use where a relative may need to use it. Parents may want to consider banking their infant’s umbilical cord blood because it serves as a biological insurance.
While parents should consider banking cord blood for their own infant’s use or a relative diagnosed with a disorder treatable with stem cell transplants, there is need to make an informed decision when banking the blood. Chances that an infant will need to use his or her own cord blood for treatment are quite slim. It’s about 1 in 1000 to about 1 in 200000 cases though the ratio is coming down as therapeutic use of cord blood widens. As more uses of cord blood therapy are being discovered, the probability to use the cord blood for autologous (own) use may increase. We have seen that cord blood is widely being studies to see if it can contribute in the treatment of degenerative disorders and diseases.
Keywords – store cord blood, stem cell transplants
- Donating cord blood to a public bank. Available at https://www.babycenter.com/0_donating-cord-blood-to-a-public-bank_1356495.bc
- Cord Blood Banking for Potential Future Transplantation. Available at http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/119/1/165
- Storing cord blood in a private bank. Available at https://www.babycenter.com/0_storing-cord-blood-in-a-private-bank_1369773.bc